Kinds of Tires
Generally, cushion tires are solid tires that have no tread pattern. They are mostly made to be used on solid and smooth surfaces, normally indoors. There are tread patterns available however, which are a lot suitable for different surface environments. The cushion tires are common on smooth warehouse floors and in similar applications.
On the other hand, pneumatic tires need air and have been particularly designed for outdoor use on uneven ground and loose surfaces. Pneumatic truck tires have higher ground clearance as well. This raises the forklift's center of gravity and really reduces its rated lift capacity. Most often, pneumatic tires are used in rough terrain environments because of their ability to navigate uneven surfaces in a smoother manner. Many agricultural or mining applications and construction sites depend on these tires so as to make certain the equipment could travel as safe and carefully as possible.
Lift height and Lift Capacity
It is important to understand the maximum weight and dimensions of the loads you will be handling in order to determine the capacity of the vehicle needed. In addition, you must know the maximum fork height needed so as to rack or stack the loads. These factors, the load size and the lifting height, greatly affect the lift capacity of the truck. A bigger size load is able to move the center of gravity of the vehicle and change the load combination. This decreases the lifting capacity of the machine as well as affects the load being lifted and the height. Using different types of attachments can also affect the truck's overall capacity.
There are lots of different choices of masts existing on the market. Like for example, there are single, double, triple and quad, the numbers indicate how many sections or stages the mast has. In various circumstances, you would not be needed to make any choices since the lift height will dictate the kind of mast you would get, although, in trucks with really high lift heights, you could have a choice.