Utilizing both electric and internal combustion (IC) trucks have different disadvantages and advantages.
Electric engines cost less to maintain over their lifetime as they require much less maintenance. The battery should last at least five years if the manufacturer's charging and maintenance guidelines are followed. Overnight charging expenses are generally low. Electric trucks tend to be very maneuverable and compact units, specially the models with three wheels. Drive, lift, tilt, acceleration and auxiliary speeds are adjustable and can be changed depending on the application and the preferences of the driver. Electric trucks are easier on the environment and are quiet.
Not best to be used during wet conditions are electric trucks. Due to the need for battery recharging, they cannot be utilized continuously. They are not suitable on rough terrain. The energy consumption is high on continuous high lifts and ramp work.
Best to be continuously utilized outdoors and on surfaces which are uneven is the advantage of an IC engine diesel/LPG. With no need for battery charging, the forklift can be used throughout the evening and overnight. Supply and transport of fuel should be factored into costs. Initial costs are less than for an electric truck, but long term costs connected to fuel and maintenance are higher. IC engines have bigger capacities than electric, but less adaptability. LPG could be used in some indoor applications. IC Engine diesel/LPG produces higher emissions and more noise compared to electric. LPG has lower emissions compared to diesel.