Forklift Components in More Detail
There are many components which make up a forklift. The forklifts key components include the frame of the truck, the engine parts, the tilt cylinders, the overhead guard and the wheels. Furthermore, a forklift consists of a range of attachments. All the parts which make up a forklift are of equal importance as they work together to make the equipment's operation possible. The subsequent paragraphs describe in detail a few of the lift truck components.
The Overhead Guard - The overhead guard is actually the forklifts metal roof, which sits atop the operator cab. It's job is to protect the operator whilst they are utilizing the equipment. The overhead guard ensures that nothing falling from above onto the truck will damage the controls inside the cab or harm the operator. The overhead guard is essential to the frame assembly on some units.
The Mast - the mast is a vertical assembly made of interlocking rails and mounted either to the front axle or the forklift frame. The mast provides lateral stability and allows the forks to move up and downwards. The interlocking rails can either have bushings or bushings as guides. There are a couple of ways the mast could be operated: hydraulically by one or more hydraulic cylinders or chain operated with motive power provided by a hydraulic motor.
Forklift Carriage - The carriage is the component that the forks and other kinds of attachments are mounted to. Actually, the carriage is directly attached to the hydraulic cylinder and is attached by chains. To enable the forks to be raised and lowered, the carriage could have either rollers or bushings to guide it in the interlocking mast rails.
Load Back Rest - While the carriage is lifted to full height, there is a back rest made of metal which keeps a load from falling backwards. The back rest is either bolted or welded on to the carriage.
Lift Truck Attachments - There are numerous types of attachments which can be fixed directly to the lift truck's carriage. Forks are the most common kind of attachment. Also, there are rotators, rollers, L-shaped members, pole handlers, roll clamps and so forth. These various kinds of attachments are really helpful for transporting different types of loads.